Cardiovascular disease encompasses a broad spectrum including stroke, coronary artery disease, heart failure, and cardiac arrest. The majority of cardiovascular-related disease is not restricted to the heart, but rather is of the vascular system. This ultimately leads to the development of clinical cardiovascular disease.
Several dietary patterns, foods, bioactive food components, nutraceuticals, and dietary supplements are purported to have protective cardiovascular effects. The dash pattern and Mediterranean pattern are examples. They also improve body weight and composition, blood pressure, blood sugar and insulin resistance, blood lipids and chronic inflammation.
The take-home message is to be proactive and implement lifestyle strategies, diet, nutrition strategies and physical activity, to reduce cardiovascular risk.